Mohenjo Daro or “Mound of the Dead” – the ancient Indus Civilization city (photo essay)
One of the most important places, which we have visited during our tour in Pakistan, was Mohenjo Daro – an ancient city from the time of Indus civilization, a contemporary of Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Chinese civilizations from 2,600 BC. Only 10% of the city is excavated. 80% of what is excavated is very well preserved, with the local guide saying that they only fill holes or make very small repairs for conservation and conservation purposes. He also said that very few foreign tourists come here. On the one hand, I was pleased that we were almost alone in this unique place, but on the other, it made me a bit sad that more people did not see what we saw.
Mohenjo Daro was abandoned during the sunset of Indus civilization. The place remained hidden from human views until the 1920s. In 1980 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
I was impressed with the bathrooms, the pools and the sewer. The city was definitely clean and prosperous, visible from the ruins. By comparison, today, nearly 70% of the people living in the ghettos in Pakistan do not have access to fresh water. The social problems are serious. How do civilizations alternate, why do some die and others are born? Why is prosperity and wealth moving both upward in time and in the opposite direction? Is this phenomenon subject to any regularities? Probably the researchers of ancient civilizations gave some answers, although I think that they more often invent hypotheses. I do not think anyone has yet a definite answer and explanation for the above questions. As long as the aliens are involved, things are clear – no one knows anything yet! Therefore, I did not think long on the subject, but rather enjoyed the ruins and the sense of eternity that did not leave me all the time, as we walked around. I felt respect, admiration for the ancient inhabitants of this city, their skills and achievements, their imagination and last but not least their purity!
Mystery and mysticism surround the history of the ancient city – the occasion for the emergence of various hypotheses about its decline, including aliens as a probable cause.
Many of the remains found during the excavations were seen in the museum at the archeological complex. Designed by French architects, the museum has no interior lighting on purpose. The exhibited items are only illuminated by natural light, which falls directly from above. This reminded me of the Museum in Dahomey, Benin (also a UNESCO site), where it was dark in the halls and we could barely see the objects behind the glass windows.